UN must be restructured
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan says the United Nations must be restructured.
In essence, the UN, established in lieu of the League of Nations, is a product of the order established by the "nations" that emerged in the aftermath of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), concluded between several of the European nations. The victorious powers agreed in the aftermath of World War II to create a universal framework in which the new nations emerging from the end of military and political colonization would take part. All nations were supposed to participate in the decision-making process. However, the victorious powers reserved the lion's share for themselves, creating two separate bodies with visibly disproportionate powers, the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly. Under the new setting, the permanent members of the Security Council -- the US, Soviet Russia, Britain, France and China -- held the power to veto the decisions and resolutions they did not like.

Israel, created by a UN decision, has acquired exclusive rights and privileges over time that can invalidate Security Council resolutions through the influence of the Jewish lobbies in the Western world; as a result of this privileged status, it has not recognized many resolutions. This means that in the three-layered hierarchic structure of the UN, we could refer to the unqualified votes of most nations in the world, the qualified votes of the permanent five, and the single vote of Israel, which holds an exclusively privileged status.

As a result of the weakening of nation states, the new organizational model is moving towards a division including a) local administrations and the city-centered hinterland, b) regional integration, and c) a global state. Undoubtedly, nation states will remain as a model for a long time, but they will lose their fundamental functions identified during the early stages and transfer significant parts of their sovereignty to these three new mechanisms. This suggests that nation states cannot constitute an influential power or block vis-à-vis the big powers (members in the Security Council) in order to protect their rights and interests. It is neither possible nor realistic to believe that nations serve in the Security Council or represent their regions by relying on their autonomous status vis-à-vis the others with which they have ties of interdependence. For instance, Islamic countries will never agree to being represented by Egypt, Iran, Turkey or Saudi Arabia in the UN system.

Considering that it is not possible for the five countries which hold the patronage in the emerging global state to assume the role of representation of their regions, the only way out is the organization of regional integration as autonomous structures. At this point, the following modes of organization should be considered: (1) regional organizations (unified nations), (2) unified regions at the UN. In short, the UN should be replaced by united regions. It is possible to define the unified nations that constitute the united regions along the criteria of land, sect or race. What really matters is the overall socio-political framework and agreement concluded over common denominators. To this end, we could expect that the world would be divided into 10 main regions in the future: the Islamic world, Africa, India, China, Southeast Asia, Latin America, North America, Russia, the EU and Australia.

Whoever adapts to the new state of affairs will have a more influential role in the emerging global state apparatus. The Islamic world should do the following: (a) form a common assembly of consultation that would make macro-political and strategic decisions, direct common investments and intervene in crises, (b) introduce a customs union, (c) ensure free movement of peoples and goods, and (d) take decisive steps to create a common defense and an Islamic peacekeeping force.

ALİ BULAÇ (Cihan/Today's Zaman) CİHAN
Last Modified: 2012-11-20 12:00:01
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