Last traces of May 27 coup removed from Parliament
The Turkish Parliament finally eliminated the last traces of the May 27, 1960 coup d'état when photos showing soldiers protecting the Parliament building in the aftermath of the coup were recently removed from its walls.

Documents of speeches delivered by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the modern Turkish Republic, prior to the inauguration of Parliament were placed on the walls of Parliament instead of those photos. A note features above the documents "Documents of National Sovereignty."

The photos were hung on the walls of Parliament by the National Unity Committee (MBK), the architect of the May 27, 1960 coup. In the photos a large number of soldiers and military vehicles were shown on guard around the Parliament building.

On May 27, 1960, the powerful military overthrew the government of then-Prime Minister Adnan Menderes. Menderes, his fellow Democrat Party (DP) members and a number of high-ranking officers of the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) were tried in 14 separate cases in Yassıada by junta-sponsored prosecutors and judges. Among the sentences handed down were 15 death penalties, 12 life sentences and hundreds of long-term imprisonments. Three executions by hanging were carried out: those of Menderes, Foreign Minister Fatin Rüştü Zorlu and Finance Minister Hasan Polatkan.

Parliament has also sped up efforts to restore the honor of Menderes. Earlier this month, the Parliament's Petitions Commission looked into the case files from the Menderes' trials held in the post-coup period, responding to a request from Burhan Asri Apaydın, a lawyer from the Menderes family. The case files comprise thousands of pages and are currently being examined by the commission, which will submit a detailed report on its findings. There are plans to adopt a law to restore the honor of the former prime minister.

Outside of the Parliament building traces of bullets remain as a result of shots fired during a failed coup attempt in 1962 by a team of military officers led by Col. Talat Aydemir. On Feb. 22, 1962, the colonel mobilized the cadets of the War Academy and attempted to overthrow the government. The military authorities convinced him to put an end to his actions, and the only sanction imposed on Aydemir was his forced retirement. He was not tried for his attempted coup.

(Cihan/Today's Zaman) CİHAN
Last Modified: 2012-12-24 20:00:03
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